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Small scale mining has been one of the major woes facing Ghana as a nation. Small scale mining is popularly referred to as “GALAMSEY” and define as illegal forms of mineral exploration that do not have any good mechanism of control. In the year 2007, the activities of sand washing for mineral extraction became a topic of discussion on many media platforms but measures to stop the practice were not implemented.

Ghana’s is rich ecologically with different species of flora and fauna especially Ashanti, Western and Parts of Central region respectively. Illegal mining as a matter of fact has destroyed the natural rich vegetative cover in some parts of the regions mentioned above. The biodiversity riches, species abundance have diminished drastically due to the prevalence of small scale mining “GALAMSEY”.


In the year 2016 and 2017, the new government declaration to halt all activities of small scale miners and entrench the defiled environmental laws was the order of the years. A special force from the Ghana Armed Forces tasked to arrest people that engage in the activity rampaged most of the hubs of these small scale miners. When hopes started to be counted and the day lights of environmental freedom sparked its rise; the efforts made by the government has not touched the bow eye: the activity is still prevailing.

I write and protest vehemently against all media discussions that communicates the total or partial halt of small scale mining activities. As an eye witness in my research studies, the regions of Prestea and its suburbs, Manso-Nkwanta and its environs, Dunkwa on Offin regions, Wassa Communities, Tarkwa, Bogoso continue to see the predominance of small scale mining activities.

An overview of a GALAMSEY SITE

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