RAMSAR SITE REHABILITATION PROJECT

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COMPLETED

SDGs TARGET GOALS

INTRODUCTION. 

Ramsar Sites are wetlands designated to be of international importance under the Ramsar Site Convention. Ramsar sites house lots of flora and fauna and hence contribute massively to Life on Land as part of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. Goal 15.1 of the SDGs seeks to “ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystem and their services, in particular forest, wetland, mountains and drylands in line with obligations under international agreements 1”

The Muni Pomadze Ramsar site faces lots of unsustained anthropogenic activities that impede the growth of the area such as; liquid and solid waste channeled into the lagoon, increasing plastic pollution of the lagoon, dried up mangroves and shrubs used for charcoal and firewood production, illegal fishing and hunting. The aforementioned factors militate against the conservation of flora and fauna within the area thereby reducing the ecosystem services provided by the site.  Mangroves which help maintain water quality with their dense network of roots used to filter and trap sediments, heavy metals, and other pollutant have died off, and barely will a visitor spot one within the area. Fish catching reduction has led indigenes to resort to the use of inappropriate nets to harvest fingerlings which induce negatively on aquatic lives[2]. Livelihood within the catchments of the site are endangered and could be inundated if speedy, cooperative, and combined interventions are not provided to restore the once biodiversity-rich Ramsar site and build defense walls.

 

PROJECT OBJECTIVE

The broad objective of the project is to “rehabilitate the lost-rich biodiversity of the Muni-Pomadze Ramsar site through combined efforts of multiple stakeholders to develop the place into a world-class eco-tourism center which provides opportunities for livelihood sustenance among indigenes”. Our objectives are further specified as;

  • Ensure plastic-free lagoon (rechannel liquid and solid waste) through the collective efforts of local settlers, non-governmental organizations, governmental organizations, educational institutions.
  • Conduct Thorough scientific researches purposed to provide baseline information about phenomenon that takes place within the Muni-Pomadze Ramsar Site.
  • Restore the ecological integrity of the Ramsar area by growing Avicennia and Rhizophora (White and Red Mangroves) over the sand bars.
  • Sensitize indigence on sustainable utilization of natural resources within the Muni-Pomadze Ramsar Site through focus group education, purpose skills training, and gifting of livelihood items that enhance their occupation.

STRATEGIC INTERVENTION PLAN MODEL

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RESEARCH FINDINGS.

1990 DATA ANALYSIS

 Using the FAO classification scheme, built-up was estimated to be 2.8% of the total extent of the site, Forest 36.2%, Grassland/Shrubland 42.4, Salt Pan/Beach Sand/Bareland 11.1 and Lagoon extent is 7.5. The data above depict the extent of rich-biodiversity in the area that contributed massively to climate regulation.

2010 DATA ANALYSIS

In the Year 2010, there was a massive growth of the Forest extent of the Site with an estimated portion of 40.1%. Grassland/Shrubland consisted of 39.8% of the area, Lagoon size was estimated at 7.9%, built-up took a share of 7.4 whereas bareland/beach sand declined to 4.8%

2020 DATA ANALYSIS

In the year 2020, there have been extreme and unexpected changes in the variable percentage of the classification scheme used in the research. Built-up increased and took a share of 14.7%, Lagoon size is currently estimated at 7.8, Forest  has reduced to 22.5, Grassland 44.2 and Bareland/Beach Sand is 10.8

RESTORING DIFFERENT SPECIES OF WATER BIRDS & TURTLES