WORLD WETLANDS DAY 2021
Keddy (2010) defined a wetland as a distinct ecosystem that is flooded by water either permanently or seasonally, where oxygen-free processes prevail being it natural or human-made. In the year 1992, six ecological centres were designated as Ramsar Sites in Ghana due to the presence of different species of flora and fauna. Anthropogenic activities and the behaviour of Ghanaians have perpetuated the deterioration of the reserved Ramsar sites in Ghana. At the Muni-Pomadze Ramsar site, over 9000ha of the conserved wetland has suffered continual urban encroachment prowling the beauty and aesthetic value of the rich-ecological centre. Evidence from the Ramsar designation report in 1992 depicted the presence of different waterbirds at the Muni-Pomadze Ramsar Site but late observations continue to prove negative. The individual Ghanaian attitude is termed as “not biospheric” because of a poor attitude towards ecosystem conservation. Localized actions towards wetland conservation are low with most actions bent on the Wildlife Conservation Department of the Forestry Commission.
The prevalence of multiple problems that impede the wise use of wetlands in Ghana called for multi-stakeholder engagement to remedy the anthropogenic threats on wetlands in Ghana specifically at the Muni-Pomadze Ramsar site. In addition, as part of our mandate as an organization to ensure the sustainable use of ecosystem services, achieve SDGs goal 15, and to commemorate the World Wetland Day 2021 in Ghana, we have piloted the Wetland for Future Generation Campaign (WFGC). The Wetland for Future Generation Campaign seeks to educate, inform, and train the Ghanaian community on the importance of wetlands, the role of the individual(s) towards wetland conservation, and sustainable utilization mechanisms. We endeavour to build sustained action that scale-up community activities towards wetlands preservation with a focus at the Muni-Pomadze Ramsar site in Winneba.
The broad objective is to; ensure effective communication, education, participation, and awareness of indigenes and students towards the wise use of wetlands. The objective is specified as to;
- Educate at least 200 residents and 150 students on wetlands conservation.
- Scale-up community participation by cleaning portions of the Muni-Pomadze wetland.
- Conduct house-to-house awareness on the negative impact of urban encroachment on wetlands.
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